mikhail sergeyevich gorbachev
president of the ussr, helped to bring the cold war to an end.
aung san suu kyi
burma. oppositional leader, human rights advocate.
rigoberta menchu tum
guatemala. campaigner for human rights, especially for indigenous peoples.
leader of the anc.
fredrik willem de klerk
president of the republic of south africa.
chairman of the executive committee of the plo, president of the palestinian national authority.
foreign minister of israel.
prime minister of israel.
for their efforts to create peace in the middle east.
the pugwash conferences on science and world affairs
for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and in the longer run to eliminate such arms.
carlos felipe ximenes belo and jose ramos-horta
for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in east timor.
international campaign to ban landmines (icbl) and jody williams
for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines.